Date: THURSDAY – 24 Sep. 2020 @ 7:00pm
Presenters: Markos Carelos
Language of Presentation: English | R.M.L.G.*: 0 – No knowledge of Greek required.
The focus of this presentation is the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne, viewed through the perspectives of two leading Greek contemporary critics of the treaty: Georgios Streit (1868–1948) and Emmanouel Emmanouelides (1867–1943). It is a central contention of this presentation that the compulsory nature of the Treaty’s Convention Concerning the Exchange of Greek and Turkish Populations violated what in the 21st century would be regarded as inalienable human rights. Numerous instances of large-scale, systematic violence, targeting the Ottoman Empire’s non-Muslim minorities, which surged in the decade preceding the Empire’s dissolution — displacements, massacres and genocide — were implicitly endorsed by the Treaty of Lausanne. By conferring international recognition of these means and the resultant ethnically based nation states, the treaty exacerbated pre-existing chasms, not only across newly defined borders but also within Greek domestic politics and society. Tragically, therefore, the Treaty of Lausanne simultaneously heightened the need for ethnic conciliation but simultaneously impeded it.
Based on new archival research, the analysis of Streit’s and Emmanouelides’ perspectives, the presentation examines the two intellectuals’ activities and views in relation to the treaty, and thus calls its immediate aftermath and lasting legacy in question. Streit’s and Emmanouelides’ actions and perspectives are situated within both the Greek and transnational intellectual traditions they not only imbibed but also shaped to a significant degree, and, in doing so, aspects of Greek political thought relating to the Treaty of Lausanne are laid open for analysis.
Markos P. Carelos received his Bachelors and Masters in History from the University of Zurich in Switzerland. Since 2017 he has been a PhD candidate at the University of Newcastle in Australia and the University of Zurich (cotutelle de thèse). Markos’ thesis is about the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne and Greek Political Thought. His research interests include nationalism, historiography and the history of archaeology.
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